Energy wasted by the City of London’s offices could power over 65,000 homes

EMBARGO: 00.01 Wednesday 22 January 2020
Caterina Brandmayr Caterina BrandmayrHead of climate policy020 7630

Energy being wasted every year by a few thousand office buildings across five UK cities could power over 100,000 homes and is costing businesses £60 million in unnecessary energy bills. [1]
The scale is largest in the capital. Wasted energy by the City of London’s offices is equivalent to the amount used to power over 65 thousand homes, similar to the housing stock of the London Borough of Kingston upon Thames. [2] This is costing the City’s businesses £35 million a year. It also has a climate impact, generating the same level of carbon emissions as 46,000 cars every year. [3]
The problem is widespread across other UK cities. Energy currently wasted by less than 3,300 office buildings in the cities of Manchester, Bristol, Leeds and Birmingham could power over 42,000 homes, costing businesses across the four cities £25 million a year in unnecessary bills. [4]
There have been limited efforts to address this. Most of the UK’s commercial buildings are energy inefficient and, overall, energy consumption per square metre has flatlined since 2002. [5]
A new report from the think tank Green Alliance, written for its Tech Task Force, highlights that better use of digital technology is one obvious solution, to save both money and carbon. [6][7] Examples of how it can help reduce energy use include smart sensors and algorithms, to track and modulate energy use in different parts a building. Evidence shows that these technologies can vastly improve the energy performance of commercial buildings.
There are substantial opportunities for immediate and easy gains. Artificial intelligence energy optimisation systems already on the market could cut energy use by as much as 14 per cent in commercial buildings with pay back in just a few months. For the City of London, for example, businesses could save £13 million on their collective energy bill within a year.
Used alongside better business incentives, these technologies would lead to further energy efficiency, as already seen in Australia. Over the past 13 years, the National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS) has brought down energy use across Australia’s office buildings by nearly 40 per cent. It requires annual disclosure of the energy performance of buildings and encourages the use of digital technologies, leading to year on year improvements. [8]
If this level of progress was achieved in the City of London, its business energy bills would come down by a total of £367 million over the next decade.
The government’s adviser, the Committee on Climate Change, says cutting energy waste is vital to reach the UK’s net zero emissions by 2050 goal. Although the government has committed to cut business energy use by 2030 by at least a fifth, existing policies will not achieve it. [9]
Caterina Brandmayr, senior policy analyst at Green Alliance, said:
“We all work for or know businesses that waste energy, whether it’s leaving lights on at night or wasting heat. It’s hard to see why dealing with this problem isn’t yet a priority, for companies in terms of cost savings or for the government in reaching its carbon targets.
Digital technology is an obvious and inexpensive way to track and control energy use, cutting business costs and carbon emissions. Cities will play a leading role in cutting emissions and would be a great place to start the UK’s business energy efficiency revolution.” 
Rodney Turtle, VP for public policy and government affairs at Schneider Electric, said:
“Much greater ambition is needed to improve the energy performance of UK buildings, ensuring that new buildings are much more efficient and promoting extensive refurbishment of existing ones. Digital solutions to accelerate progress are already available and other countries are already racing ahead in making the most of these new opportunities.”
Steve Brambley, chief executive of GAMBICA, the Trade Association for Instrumentation, Control, Automation and Laboratory Technology, said:
“There is no doubt that digital technology can be transformational in cutting the energy use in commercial buildings. We have the technology now to achieve this, what is missing is policy to make investment in energy efficiency a strategic priority for businesses.”
Caterina Brandmayr, senior policy analyst, Green Alliance (available for interview), 020 7630 4516
[1] Full methodology is available at
[2] Greater London Authority, 2019, Housing in London 2019; Kingston upon Thames had 67,140 dwellings in 2018.
[3] Assuming an annual mileage of 7,712 (based on DfT anonymised MOT data) and average emissions per car in use of 149.6 gCO2/km (SMMT, New car CO2 report 2018)
[4] Data for individual cities is reported in the table below.
  Manchester Birmingham Leeds Bristol City of London
Number of office buildings 745 970 952 593 953
Cost of energy wasted (estimated bills, £m) 8.93 3.98 7.04 5.20 35.7
Number of cars equivalent (in terms of emissions associated with wasted energy) 12,227 5,761 10,299 7,390 46,225
Number of homes that could be powered by equivalent amount of energy as currently wasted 15,544 6,568 11,475 8,719 65,436
[5] Committee on Climate Change, 2018, Reducing UK emissions: 2018 Progress Report to Parliament
[6] A smarter way to save energy, a new report by Green Alliance written for its Tech Task Force, will be published by Green Alliance on Wednesday 22 January and is available at 
The report urges government to lead a more innovative, digital centred approach to help businesses avoid wasting energy and saving an estimated £6 billion a year by 2030. The government should: promoting the uptake of digitally-enabled energy efficiency, through business energy efficiency and digitalisation programmes; boosting markets for smart energy efficiency, through mandatory disclosure of business energy performance and a new energy efficiency obligation aimed at smaller businesses; and working with industry to ensure new buildings are designed for greater efficiency.
[7] Green Alliance’s Tech Task Force is a business led group convened by Green Alliance. It is a forum for policy innovation for smart clean growth that aims to lead policy discussions with ambitious business thinking. Tech Task Force members are: HVM Catapult, Innovate UK, Gambica, Schneider Electric and Ramboll.
[8] NABERS annual report 2018 / 19
[9] Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, 2017, The Clean Growth Strategy

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