Nature capital: how £1 billion per year in capital spending can decarbonise land use and restore nature

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8 January, 2024


Currently 68 per cent of land in England is farmed. To meet carbon reduction targets and restore nature, we will need to make significant changes in how we use land in the UK.

Capital investment of £1 billion per year until 2030 could support land managers to create nature-rich habitats on 10 per cent of UK farmland. This would deliver all of agriculture’s expected contribution to the UK’s 2030 Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, as well as boosting incomes for the least wealthy farmers and reversing nature declines. This land use change would only result in a one per cent loss of food production.


Lucy Pegg, political adviser,

Lydia Collas, senior policy analyst,

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